In 2023, Isro carried out an unprecedented seven missions, which included the historic landing of Chandrayaan-3 on the lunar south pole and the development of Aditya-L1, India’s first sun observatory. According to Chairman S. Somnath, the Indian Space Research Organization will launch at least 12 times this year, breaking the previous record. For 2024, we have at least 12 missions planned. At a Polarimeter Satellite, a space observatory that will study black holes and other celestial objects, S. Somanath stated,” It may also go up depending on our ability to produce the hardware and compete testing.”
The space agency carried out a record seven missions in 2023, which included the historic Chandrayaan-3 landing on the lunar south pole and the launch of Aditya-L1, India’s first sun observatory, which is scheduled to arrive on January 6. The space agency carried out a significant technology demonstration in addition to the launches, which cleared the path for the next mission using Gaganyaan spacecraft and a reusable launch vehicle. According to Somanath, this year will be the “year for Gaganyaan.” The year 2024 will be used to get ready for Gaganyaan.
India’s first human space flight mission, Gaganyaan, is scheduled to launch and successfully return a crew of three astronauts to an orbit 400 kilometers above the surface of the planet in three days. The space agency will carry out a number of tests in advance of the real manned voyage to make sure all systems are secure. Before the manned Gaganyaan mission, which is potentially slated for 2025, the agency will also conduct an unmanned flight and a test flight with a humanoid robot called Vyomitra.
The development of several vital technologies, such as a human-related launch vehicle that can safely transport the crew to and from space, a life support system that can create an environment similar to Earth, and an emergency escape system, are requirements for the Gaganyaan expedition. In Kochi, Kerala, on February 7 of last year, Isro and the Indian Navy conducted crew module recovery experiments. The testing served as part of the Gaganyaan mission’s crew module recovery operations preparations. On July 19, Isro conducted another test of the Gaganyaan service module propulsion system at its propulsion complex in Mahendragiri, Odisha.
In order to prepare for its upcoming return lunar missions, the Indian Space Research Organization has successfully returned the Chandrayan-3 propulsion module from the lunar orbit back into Earth’s orbit. The demonstration demonstrated Isro’s ability to send and return objects to Earth safely. Senior Isro scientists say that this is the second experiment carried out in parallel with the main Chandrayaan-3 mission. The first was the September 3 “hop experiment,” which evaluated India’s moon mission readiness and systems for returning samples to Earth. These tests will also serve as the foundation for the mission that Prime Minister Narendra Modi just approved, which aims to carry humans to the moon and return them safely by 2040.