Tagore’s view on Human Being:
Rabindranath Tagore cannot be titled a regular philosopher. However, his worldviews and his works were original in nature. He had a spiritual mindset or followed spiritual humanism that helped him relate traditional philosophical thoughts of India with the Western ideology and made him come up with his own original ideas.
Tagore believed that human beings can reach their utmost potential and get freedom through love and knowledge if they connect themselves to the Universal Being.
Tagore believed that when the universe is in sync with a human being, we feel it as beauty.
Creator or His Creation is the cycle of life, which keeps going on. Tagore believed that a man can realize oneness with the Creator and His creation, which is the Universe if he recognizes his relation with the Absolute through self-reflection.
When an individual achieves divine bliss or amritam, as per Tagore’s beliefs, he can come in close connection with the Universe and the Creator.
Iqbal’s Concept of Khudi (Ego):
Mohammad Iqbal stresses the importance of knowing oneself to understand the value or role of God in our lives. He diverts the attention on the individual’s I, thus making a move from divinity to humanity. The path to recognize oneself is actually the path that takes one to connect with the Absolute, as per the views of Mohammad Iqbal on Khudi (Ego).
The Individual’s self-knowledge will bring him more closer to the Ultimate and hence, one should study themselves and know the inner power that lies within him. However, religious people opposed this school of thought as it was quite difficult for a common man to know about himself in-depth.
Knowledge or focus on self helps him reach his highest goal by becoming strongly associated with God, making feasible a union of the temporal and the eternal.
For Mohammad Iqbal, the appearance of humanity on earth is a magnificent and memorable event, not an event implying human sinfulness and degradation.