Smriti means memory. Smriti has been referred to as texts in written format in the earlier days. During the age of Vedas, smriti has been considered to be used or originated. The Vedic period has been carried out to different centuries and it can be also said that smriti might have appeared during the ending phase of the Vedas. The founders of Smriti are called Smritikaras who stated that their works have been derived from the Vedas and also claimed that their written works are nothing more than explanations of the Vedas. However, we can quickly notice in smritis lots of differences from Vedas.
Obviously, such variations do not have any support from the Vedas. Smriti is also regarded as Dharma Shastra, which is nothing but a code of conduct to be followed to ensure that the right always wins and people are protected by doing the right things in their lives. The code of conduct has three categories such as rituals, carrying out social responsibilities, and rectifying the mistakes or sins in life. It is vital to understand that there is no mention of any types of rights, fundamental or any other type.
The importance is given to prescription and proscription only and the code of conduct is similar to the constitution for which penal code is created by the current-day governments. Thus, Smriti focuses on two important aspects of life, which are Dharmic and Social. Dharmic does not have its own existence without social responsibilities.
Ritual’s role is limited to a person’s life, which is his or her housework. All these dimensions together make up Dharma Shastra. It is being said that there were various Smritis, however, history has mentioned only a few Smritis. Out of them, only three are recognized the most, however many times for wrong reasons. Smritis were named after Manu, Yajnyavalkya, and Parashara.
Smriti is rigid by nature. Fixing of responsibilities and importance about duties resemble a large extent and thus are the directive rules fixed in the constitution. Smriti is clear about the four-fold division of society along with the four stages of an individual’s life such as brahmacharya, garhastya, vaanaprastha, and samnyasa. Smriti did not also support the democratic system even though the democracy role had flourished during the Vedic era.