Rationality is the quality of being reasonable or rational. Rationality talks about a person’s ability to believe and take action based on reasoning or logic. Rationality is defined differently in different spheres such as economics, sociology, psychology, game theory, philosophy, evolutionary biology, and political science. Rationality in simple terms means being able to think and decide without getting influenced by personal feelings, emotions, and instincts.
A successful rational action is one that satisfies one’s desires along with being practical as well. For example, one has cravings for cheese and wants to have a cheese pizza. Taking immediate action to order it from Dominos or Pizza Hut was considered to be “cool” or “new-age” however, in this coronavirus pandemic situation, when we are unaware of what is the root cause of the virus and how safe are we from external things, it is a rational decision to avoid buying pizza and instead, make something hot at home and eat healthy food.
Rationality or Rationalism finds truth based on intellectual power. For example, slavery is wrong is an ultimate truth and a rational belief as well. It has to be free from any perceived belief that entangles one to think or accept slavery as a way to living. A simple man unaware of how people make use of his innocence or simplicity used to think that serving others made him feel happy. However, he was fooled by some cruel people who made him believe that serving them was an act of kindness. The man was unable to make rational decisions of not helping the people who were misusing his straightforwardness and making him slog. He was influenced negatively by his emotions of earning good karma and it impacted his health badly. One day he decided to think for himself and help himself first to know who was the right and wrong people in his life and took decisions based on rational thinking than emotional thinking.